What and How to Feed Baby Turtles

  Like all newly born creatures, a baby turtle requires nutrients to survive. During the first week of his life, he won’t need you to feed him. Instead, he’ll gather nutrients from his yolk sack, which is located along the bottom of his shell. Once the yolk sac disappears inside of him, you will need to begin a diet specially formulated for his age and species.           Baby Turtles Eat Commercial Turtle Food Both water and land turtles thrive when fed commercial turtle food, a vitamin and nutrient rich flaked food that is readily available at most […]


dog collar boutique

Alabama’s New Collar from Dog Collars Boutique

Disclaimer: I received this product free in exchange for my honest review. Happy holidays from Amazing Animals. As a special treat for Alabama, Dog Collar Boutique gifted her with this precious, adjustable Red Snowflake collar. It’s cute and perfect for the holiday season, and will be appropriate attire throughout winter. About Dog Collar Boutique Before I get to my review, I’d like to tell you a bit about Dog Collars Boutique. The website is highly rated, and sees a lot of repeat business due to excellent customer service, high quality products, and a commitment to customer satisfaction. The site offers […]


Do I Need Pet Insurance?

Okay, Alabama isn’t a dumb dumb (not one bit). She’s learned how to open the gate, which we’re now closing with a bungee. She’s also learned to crawl under the porch, and escape our gated backyard (she outsmarted us and our bungee)… I’m not planning on her becoming injured, but if she ever escaped my gaze she could end up hit by a car. Is Pet Insurance the Answer? It occurred to me that over the years, she may need emergency medical care. I asked myself, do I have the savings for that? I quickly realized I have enough savings […]


Can Fleas Survive Winter?

Alabama still has fleas. Just when I thought fleas were a late summertime problem, I’m heading into winter and she’s itchier than ever. Unfortunately, indoor fleas don’t go into hibernation like outdoor ones do. Luckily, it’s easy to get rid of fleas in the wintertime. Once I’ve treated Alabama for her fleas, I can let her outdoors without fearing new fleas will attach themselves to her. This is due to the low humidity levels, which kill off outdoor eggs, larvae, and adult fleas. Here’s a breakdown of how I’m planning to eliminate our indoor infestation, and protect our home from […]


Red-Tailed Catfish: Largest of all Aquarium Catfish and No Enemies in the Wild

A red-tailed Nile catfish has no real enemies, besides human beings. The largest of all aquarium catfish, the red-tailed Nile dominates aquariums with his size and rarely falls prey to other aquarium inhabitants. In the wild, these catfish aren’t so lucky. They are hunted for sport, but rarely for food. No Natural Predators Red-tailed catfish don’t have any natural predators, which is why they flourish in the wild. They make their homes in river beds, such as the ones offered by the River Nile. They’re bottom feeders, camouflaging themselves in the river’s muddy bottom. Their large size is another deterrent […]


Animals With No Tear Ducts

Contrary to popular belief, not all mammals have tear ducts. Some mammals are missing these tubes that regulate and distribute tears to the spaces between their eyeballs and eyelids. Although only humans can produce emotional tears, animals produce tears to moisturize the cornea and wash away any irritants that may be present. Animals missing tear ducts often produce a great deal more tears, but the tears rarely impact what’s causing dryness or an obstruction because there’s no tear ducts to guide the tears. Note to readers: Certain irritants can cause companion animals to suffer from itchy or burning eyes. Talk […]


All the Animals that Have Gizzards

Ventriculus gastric mill, or gizzard, is a kind of muscular stomach found in birds and earthworms, as well as some types of fish and reptiles. The gizzard is special because it grinds up difficult-to-digest foods, making it particularly useful to animals that lack teeth. A gizzard features a hard horn-lined surface, with which to grind food. Although tough, animal gizzards are edible and eaten all over the world. Birds with Gizzards All birds have gizzards, including ostriches. The gizzard is especially useful to birds because they don’t have teeth. Instead of chewing their food, many birds swallow stones, allowing the […]


How Freshwater Clams Reproduce Freshwater-clam hg

Freshwater clams, or mollusks, have a very unique way of reproducing. Freshwater clams can be miles away from their mate at the time of fertilization. All clams set their eggs and sperm free in the water, but freshwater clams depend on the current to successfully create new life. Fertilization A male clam releases his sperm upstream. The current moves his sperm downstream, until it’s drawn into a female clam’s incurrent siphon and used to fertilize 100s, sometimes 1000s, of eggs. Glochidia Inside the female clam’s gills, the fertilized egg develops into glochidia, or a larva capable of attaching itself to […]


DIY: How to Build an Aquarium Tank Lid

Aquarium tanks vary by size. In order to build your aquarium tank lid to scale, you may need to adjust material lengths. Measure your aquarium before cutting materials, to ensure the aquarium lid fits securely. The lid build is based on a standard 20 gallon medium-sized freshwater aquarium that measures 24 inches-by-12 inches-by-16 inches. Materials Needed Four ¾ inch-by-4 inch plywood boards, Four ¾ inch-by-3/4 inch square rods, 5/8 inch plywood, Three 1” molding pieces, White paint, Three hinges, Hammer, A handful of 16d box nails Build the Support Box The rectangular support box securely slips over your aquarium’s lid. […]


Replacing the Substrate in a Saltwater Tank

It is possible to replace substrate in a saltwater tank, but it’s not recommended if the current substrate isn’t causing a threat to aquatic life. Disrupting the substrate may cause bacteria, ammonia, or particles to disrupt the delicate balance of the tank. Still, if the substrate is no longer a benefit to the tank, it must be swapped for something new. Selecting a New Substrate Sand substrate is known to cause nutrient levels to rise over time, making it necessary to replace sand every 2-5 years. Sand substrates collect detritus, which is why most saltwater tank enthusiasts regularly vacuum their […]


The Different Types of House Centipedes

Centipedes are arthropods and therefore recognizable by their visible exoskeleton and numerous legs. House centipedes can be found in dark basements, under floorboards, behind furniture and in a multitude of other places. The house centipede (Scutigera coleoptrata) is one of a kind, but there are many other centipede types that may be dwelling in or around your house. House Centipede (Scutigera Coleoptrata) Adult house centipedes are easily identified by their legs. They have a grand total of thirty legs. Most of their legs are the same size, but a single pair extends farther than the others, sometimes twice the length […]


DIY: How to Hide an Aquarium Water Pump

An air or water pump can destroy the aesthetic value of a freshwater aquarium. They’re large, mechanical looking, and generally an eyesore. It is possible to hide a pump without hindering the device. You simply need to place it behind an aquarium background. Materials Needed: Aquarium background scene, Scissors, Background application Gel, Water-resistant tape Optional materials: paintbrush, black poster board, Razor blade How to Hide an External Pump Behind an Aquarium Background Purchase an aquarium background from your local pet shop. Backgrounds are sold in different measurements, ensuring you can find one that fits your tank size. An aquarium background […]


Aquarium Lighting for Mollies

In the wild, most mollies live in warm streams. When raising mollies in captivity, it’s important to attempt to recreate this environment. Lighting should keep water warm, between 77 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit. It should also only be used during specific times, providing a night and day effect. In general, the best lighting for mollies is dependent on the type of aquarium you have, as well as whether or not your aquarium contains live plants. Types of Aquarium Lighting In general, mollies will do just fine living under the glow of basic fluorescent lighting. If your tank contains live plants, […]


The Different Types of Pennsylvania Swallows

Swallows are found throughout North America, including Pennsylvania. With its many mountains, rolling hills and wooded areas, the Keystone state makes a perfect breeding ground for five different species of swallows. Swallows visit Pennsylvania’s tall trees and mountainsides in the summer for breeding, before returning to their homes in the south for the winter. Barn Swallows Barn swallows earn their name from their nesting habits. They often find the best place to build their mud nests is under the eaves of man-made structures, such as barns and sheds. Barn swallows are identifiable by their coloring, a mix of cobalt blue […]


Animal Moms that Abandon their Young

The animal kingdom is full of wonderful moms, who care for their offspring, often putting their children above themselves. Unfortunately, not all animal moms deserve praise. Due to harsh environments or encroaching predators, many animals abandon their young. If there were Child Protective Services for animals, many of the kingdom’s mothers would be jailed. Snakes There’s no maternal instinct in the reptilian world of snakes. Snake mothers abandon their eggs soon after laying them, never to return again. Sometimes, a female snake will give birth to a live snake, after having incubated the eggs inside her body. As soon as […]


sucker fish

Amazing Fish: Chinese Algae Eaters

Chinese algae eaters, also known as sucking loaches, are semi-aggressive freshwater fish native to Southeast Asia. Typically, Chinese algae eaters are kept in freshwater aquariums to control the spread of algae. At minimum, Chinese algae eaters require 30 gallons of fresh water. It’s also recommended to include plants, water and rocks in the tank because these fish love to hide in tank décor. Chinese Algae Eaters Love to Rock Rock piles make a great hiding spot for the Chinese algae eater. They will burrow under stones or hide behind rock piles. They generally spend their time along the bottom of […]


How to Choose a Filter for Your Saltwater Fish Tank

The best filter for your tank is going to depend on a number of variables, including: tank size, tank contents and whether or not the saltwater tank includes a reef. There are three different types of saltwater filters. In general, mechanical filters are the most common filter type because they’re less complicated and less expensive than biological and chemical filters. Overall, the best of each filter type for your aquarium is going to depend on your personal needs. Filtration for the Small Saltwater Aquarium In general, a small saltwater aquarium is any tank that is 40 gallons or less. Oftentimes, […]


The Diet of Lava Lizards of the Galápagos

Lava lizards are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and insects. Their diet is widely dependent on their habitat and the climate. They mainly reside in Ecuador’s Galapagos Islands, where they’re treated to both lush and dry landscapes. Habitat In general, lava lizards reside on the Galapagos’ western and central islands. They feed on insects, such as moths and flies. They also feed on arthropods, like ants and spiders. Lava lizards have been known to control insect populations. When the painted locust became over-populated, lava lizards stepped in to eat their way through the population, thus bringing it under control. […]


The Diet of the Lemon Spotted Frog

It’s estimated that Madagascar has over 300 species of frogs, including the lemon spotted frog. The lemon spotted frog is a type of Heterixalus punctatus, a frog species that makes its home across Madagascar’s rainforest belt, in the area’s subtropical and moist lowlands. Madagascar’s lemon spotted frog eats invertebrates, or animals without backbones, like arthropods. Arthropods are invertebrates with exoskeletons, like insects, spiders and crustaceans. Because the lemon spotted frog makes his home in trees, he does not feed on crustaceans. Lemon spotted frogs prefer their dinner moving, so they’ll go for live spiders, like the tree-based afrarchaea, rather than […]


Optimal Calcium Level for Salt and Freshwater Aquariums

Calcium is filtered through a fish’s body in the water they drink, thus contributing to their health and survival. Calcium also promotes positive mineral ions, as well as feeds the coral in saltwater tanks. Ensuring your aquarium has the right calcium levels creates an aquatic environment that is suitable for plants, coral, and fish. Picture caption: Optimal calcium levels play a necessary role in your aquarium’s water chemistry. Calcium Levels in Saltwater Aquariums A successful aquarium is one which recreates a natural habitat, in order to promote optimal growth. Therefore, saltwater aquariums require calcium levels that match that of the […]